Here is the basics of WRAP
(Including the Key Concepts) 

The Key Concepts of Recovery

Hope – We can get well and stay well for long periods of time. We can live happy and productive lives.

Personal Responsibility – We are the experts of ourselves. It is up to us to take personal responsibility for our own wellness. When we take this responsibility back we can achieve the highest levels of wellness, happiness and life satisfaction.

Education – This is about education in the broadest sense—learning about self, and the world around us.

Self- Advocacy – We become effective advocates for ourselves by becoming self-aware, believing in ourselves, setting personal goals and working towards meeting them.

Support – Support is essential to living a full life. Support can come from family, friends, work, the community and health care professionals.


Wellness Toolbox

Wellness Tools are anything and everything we do to keep ourselves well. When we are having a rough day, we can look at our WRAP and pick something from our list to do. Most of them are simple, safe and free.


The plan consists of 6 parts:

Daily Maintenance

  1. What I’m like When I’m Well
  2. Daily Action Plan – Things I commit to do every day
  3. Optional – things I might choose to do. Could be once a week or once a month.

Triggers (external events)

  1. Identify: What are the things that might cause me to feel off balance?
  2. Action Plan: What will help me to feel better when I’m triggered?

Early Warning Signs (internal)

  1. Identify: What are the subtle signs that indicate I need to take action? How does my body feel when I’m not doing well?
  2.  Action Plan: What activities can I do to get back on track?

When Things Are Breaking Down

  1. Identify: Feelings or behaviours that indicate that things have worsened and are close to crisis stage. It is necessary to take immediate, assertive action to prevent a crisis?
  2. Action Plan: The plan needs to be clear and directive with fewer choices, and things I "must" do?

Crisis Plan

  1. What I’m like when I’m well
  2. Indicators/Signs that I'm not well
  3. Supporters - Who will support me in a crisis?
  4. Medications/Health Care - A list of all medications I use
  5. Treatments - A list of both formal and informal or alternative treatments
  6. Home/Community/Respite - How I can stay at home during a crisis
  7. Hospital/Treatment Facilities
  8. Help from others
  9. Inactivating the plan

Post Crisis Plan

Planning for this before a crisis, and giving it more attention following a crisis when we are starting to feel better, may help us have an easier time recovering and moving on.

We think of Post Crisis in two parts:

  1. Dealing with issues (updating plan, thanking people, making amends)
  2. Timetable for resuming responsibilities